New Publication: ─░nsan Sonras─▒ Erkek(lik): Sa├ž Ekimi ├ľrne─či

Aesthetic surgery has been the subject of significant sociological research, primarily concerning women and the debates that surround their bodies. These discussions have centered around the stereotyping of women’s bodies, resulting in a specific type of femininity construction (Franco 2008; Jones 2006), or the empowerment of women for health reasons through non-essential/optional procedures (Heggenstaller et al. 2018). Edmonds (2009) notes that aesthetic surgical procedures have an aspect of Human Enhancement (HE) (┼×ahinol 2016) and go beyond mere consumption, aiming for mental and sexual well-being, such as enhancing sexual attractiveness.

In recent years, biomedicalization processes have extended to male bodies through HE Technologies, resulting in a growing demand for interventions in men’s hair and body hair. Aesthetic surgical procedures and minimally invasive procedures, such as hair transplantation and laser hair removal, respectively, have become popular among men (American Society of Plastic Surgeons). This situation highlights the need for research on interventions in men’s hair and body hair.

This article is based on a qualitative research study conducted between March and July 2020, which focused on medical (non-surgical) interventions in men’s hair and body hair. The study aims to contribute to critical posthuman literature by exploring the reconstruction of the posthuman male body through hair transplantation technology. The study also seeks to discuss the liberating possibilities and limiting aspects of the posthuman male body that emerges around these interventions.

Therefore, the primary research question of this article (turkish) is how the posthuman male body is reconstructed with hair transplantation technology, and what are the implications for the posthuman male body’s liberating possibilities and limiting aspects. The article concludes by highlighting the contribution of the study to critical posthuman literature and suggesting avenues for future research.

Excerpt from the text:

In order to understand post-human masculinity, we emphasize the importance of considering the combination of body and technology, such as self-care, as a socio-bio-technical care complex (┼×ahinol and Ba┼čkavak 2021). Additionally, it is important to look at socio-technical elements such as health policies in order to gain a holistic perspective. Such an approach considers the post-human body as a “socio-bio-technical process” and provides an analytical framework for discussing how the body is shaped both on a micro and macro level (┼×ahinol). The political elements that make up the macro level, such as health policies, are a product of a collective imagination about social life and order specific to each country, which Jasanoff and Kim define as “socio-technical imaginaries” (Jasanoff and Kim 2009). Through this concept, we can discuss how health policies and ultimately the body are shaped by country-specific visions. Therefore, in order to think more deeply about health governance, it is appropriate to expand the concept of socio-technical imaginaries to include the “bio” aspect, based on ┼×ahinol’s concept of socio-bio-technical processes, and to define free medicine zones as socio-bio-technical institutions that include all the social values, technological opportunities, and practices of the relevant community or belief groups (Ayd─▒n 2020).

In summary, this article focuses on the biomedication processes in Turkey and Iran and the emergence of post-human masculinity through hair and body hair technologies, and emphasizes the importance of evaluating them in terms of socio-technical imaginaries, which are important components of the healthy society desires of these countries. Since conducting research that covers the individual histories of millions of men and trillions of hair follicles in Turkey and Iran is not possible, and taking the idea of representation that is impossible according to the new materialist framework that considers matter as an agent that creates, transforms and is transformed, this article takes the body as a geography (Holton 2020) and prefers “cartography instead of classification” (Tuin and Dolphijn 2012, 111).

┼×ahinol, M., & Ta┼čdizen, B. (2022). ─░nsan Sonras─▒ Erkek(lik): Sa├ž Ekimi ├ľrne─či. In S. Buran & P. Kumbet (Eds.), ├çokludisiplinlerde Posth├╝manizm (pp. 443-456). London, UK: Transnational Press London.

Yuvarlak masa toplant─▒s─▒: B─░L─░M, SANAT VE ─░LET─░┼×─░M: KES─░┼×─░MLERDE BULU┼×MAK

Modified (Hu)Man: Gelenekler, K─▒r─▒lganl─▒klar ve Olas─▒ Gelecekler” Paneli ├žer├ževesinde ger├žekle┼čen yuvarlak masa toplant─▒s─▒: B─░L─░M, SANAT VE ─░LET─░┼×─░M: KES─░┼×─░MLERDE BULU┼×MAK

Cuma, 21 Ocak, 2022, 17:30 ÔÇô 18:30 GMT+3

Institut Fran├žais Istanbul – Taksim
─░stiklal Caddesi No┬░4, ┼×ehit Muhtar
34435 ─░stanbul, Turkey

Yuvarlak masa toplant─▒s─▒ kat─▒l─▒mc─▒lar─▒:
Arsev Umur Ayd─▒no─člu (ODT├ť, Bilim ve Teknoloji Politikalar─▒)
Y├╝cel G├╝nal (Grafik Tasar─▒mc─▒)
Eser Ep├Âzdemir (Sanat├ž─▒ / K├╝lt├╝rel ├ťretici)
Merve ┼×ahinol (Sanat├ž─▒, D├╝sseldorf)
Moderat├Âr: Melike ┼×ahinol

Image ┬ę by G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak

Bilim insanlar─▒ d├╝nyay─▒ tan─▒mlamaya ve a├ž─▒klamaya ├žabalad─▒klar─▒ her alanda, sanat├ž─▒lar da ├Âznel bak─▒┼č a├ž─▒lar─▒yla d├╝nyay─▒ yeniden yaratmak, sorgulamak ve hatta yeniden in┼ča etmek arzusundad─▒rlar. Sanat├ž─▒lar, biyo- ve teknobilimlerin bireylere ve topluma yaratt─▒─č─▒ zorluklarla giderek daha fazla ilgileniyorlar. Teknobilime y├Ânelik bu sanatsal yakla┼č─▒mlar, ahlaki, etik ve dini sorular─▒ g├╝ndeme getirerek kamusal alanda tart─▒┼čmak i├žin de ├Ânemlidir. Bu panelde tam da bu ├žeki┼čmeli konular─▒ g├╝ndeme getirmek istiyoruz. “Hair:y_less Masculinities” ba┼čl─▒kl─▒ projemizin sonu├žlar─▒n─▒, yeni yay─▒nlad─▒─č─▒m─▒z Bilim ─░leti┼čimi kitab─▒m─▒z arac─▒l─▒─č─▒yla sunarak, bilim, sanat ve ileti┼čim alan─▒ndan uzmanlar e┼čli─činde kamu a├ž─▒s─▒ndan anla┼č─▒l─▒r ve diyalog odakl─▒ bir ileti┼čimi te┼čvik etmek istiyoruz.

“Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Cartography” kitap kapa─č─▒.
Kapak G├Ârseli ┬ę Merve ┼×ahinol
Kapak Tasar─▒m─▒: Y├╝cel G├╝nal.

Image ┬ę by Raphaela R├Âssler

Perform_Factur_ing /Healthy/ Wo_Man: Iran, Turkey and Beyond: A Timely Reflection

by Melike ┼×ahinol, Burak Ta┼čdizen, G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak

On February 10, 2022, the second panel of the IRSSC Closing Conference titled “Perform_Factur_ing /Healthy/ Wo_Man: Iran, Turkey and Beyond”* started with welcome remarks from the IRSSC project initiator, Raoul Motika and with the co-PI of the IRSSC project, Melike ┼×ahinol, who led the sub-project “A Cartography of Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Comparison between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Turkey.” In addition to Melike ┼×ahinol, Burak Ta┼čdizen and G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak were also involved in the project as well as in the organization of this panel.

Image ┬ę by G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak

Motika first thanked all the participants and drew attention to the importance of the research focus “Human, Medicine and Society” under which this panel was organized. He especially thanked all the academics from Iran who engaged in collaboration under the difficult conditions brought by the pandemic. Melike ┼×ahinol thanked both German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) for funding the wider ÔÇťKnowledge UnboundÔÇŁ project of which IRSSC is a part, and all those involved in supporting it, especially Katja Rieck. Additionally, ┼×ahinol also thanked all involved in her project: Mira Hazaa, providing Melike ┼×ahinol with the initial literature review back in 2019, and the project team members Burak Ta┼čdizen and G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak for their efforts also in organizing this panel. Thanks also have been addressed to Raoul Motika for his role as discussant and to Emine ├ľnc├╝ler Yaylar for chairing this panel.

┼×ahinol drew attention to the non-binary character in formulation of the title of the project (Hair:y_less Masculinities) and the panel as they are inspired by Donna HarawayÔÇÖs work titled Modest_Witness@Second_Millennium. FemaleMan_Meets_OncoMouse. ┼×ahinol underlined that the constellation in the panel title is a non-binary of attempt to challenge gender and health concepts and how these concepts are performed and manufactured.  Here, with a posthumanist programmatic, the organizers draw attention to the importance of overcoming of the centrality of the human subject and the hegemonic anthropocentrism in philosophy and the sciences in general. The various approaches of New Materialism counter the widespread assumption that matter is a “passive substance waiting for human processing” with a concept of matter that instead ascribes to it a “self-organizing potential.” For instance, Karen Barad would conceptualize matter, in distinction to other concepts, as an evolving process of historicity brought out by intra-action. Matter and materiality would thus be understood as dynamic intra-active becoming or as a “coagulation of activity.” From an analytical point of view, it would make sense to draw attention to different actions and capacities for action processed by different actors ÔÇô human or non-human, to not only give action a single name but to elaborate specific gradual details through concepts in order to show constellations of power, colonization, and processes of (de-)naturalizations.

By establishing the necessary background for the panel, it was pointed out that ÔÇťPerform_Factur_ing /Healthy/ Wo_Man: Iran, Turkey and BeyondÔÇŁ aimed to bring together scholars working on masculinities, health and related issues in geographically, culturally, and academically diverse environments in order to discuss socio-technical and socio-cultural circumstances around empowerment, (medical) technology and the body. The panel addressed questions around managing and experiencing dis/abilities and health, media assemblages and medicalization processes of masculinities from a theoretical, empirical and artistic point of view.

In her presentation titled “Military Disability, Everyday Experiences, and Masculinity”, Nurseli Ye┼čim S├╝nb├╝lo─člu (Kadir Has University) discussed the construction of gendered, militarized disability among combat-injured Kurdish conflict veterans in the interplay of official identity and embodied everyday life experiences of a continuing internal armed conflict. S├╝nb├╝lo─člu emphasized the complex dynamic of inclusion (particularly through military gazi titles and social benefits) and exclusion (as person with disability) in veterans’ daily lives. She also stressed the need to take into consideration the dynamics of exclusivity and commonality as well as making sense of the everyday practices of military disability. The interaction between veterans and the general disabled population in Turkey follows a similar pattern: while veterans distance themselves from the wider disabled population on the level of military identity (gazi), they recognize commonalities in bodily experience on a daily basis.

Azam Naghavi (University of Isfahan) presented a co-working paper (with Mahtab Esmaeilipour) titled ÔÇťLived Experiences of Challenges of Love Among Iranian Girls with Physical DisabilityÔÇŁ. The authors highlighted that one of the unmet requirements of Iranian women with disabilities is in intimate relationships such as love and sex. The failure to address this demand is set against a larger cultural backdrop in which frank discussion of love and sex is often frowned upon. On the other hand, meeting the psychosocial needs of people with disabilities, Naghavi argued, is a challenge in Iran. As a result, people with disabilities are exposed to societal beliefs on love and sex that are improper, particularly for women, and this has detrimental psychosocial effects for this population. However, in their presentation, authors also referred to the fact that veterans with disabilities are more likely to be married. On the other hand, marrying women with disabilities would be seen as doing something good rather than being associated with romantic love, for example. Naghavi, in conclusion, pointed out that research on other cities of Iran or with married women with disability might have different findings.

Karen Hvidtfeldt (University of Southern Denmark) introduced her research project Medicine Man: Media Assemblages of Medicalized Masculinities (funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark, 2018-2023) and the outputs of her research group. The research examines how everyday cultures and conceptions of middle-aged men’s bodies emerge as masculinity becomes increasingly both mediatized as media assemblages in popular culture, social media, news, and online health sites and medicalized. Accordingly, Hvidtfeldt emphasized three forms of practices shaping masculinities to be analyzed: Material practices, language-based practices, and cultural practices. While the female body has long been subjected to medical interventions and aesthetic treatments, and the early age male body has been subjected to more regulation, discipline, and medical diagnostic intervention, the middle-aged menÔÇÖs bodies have dodged regulatory interference until lately. Today’s middle-aged men are subjected to rejuvenating treatments, modifications, and performance-enhancing substances. As to be discussed, masculinity would emerge from both gendered and medicalized technologies and thus allow us to acknowledge gender as performative and contextual and thus a research subject in flux.

In his presentation titled ÔÇŁThe Post-Stoic Soldier: Managing Mental Health During BritainÔÇÖs PsywarsÔÇśÔÇŁ, Alexander Edmonds (University of Edinburgh) focused on stoicism as a collection of practices and moral standards that define mental health and health treatment in military communities, which are debated today. Edmonds examined how research participants communicate about suffering and violence in various military, clinical, and social situations ÔÇô and the repercussions of such discussion ÔÇô using ethnography with soldiers, ex-soldiers, and mental health professionals. Since the early 2000s, a “post-stoic” military subject has emerged requiring to speak about their mental health rather than suffer silently. This new issue would spring from Britain’s psywars, a term Edmonds uses in a broad sense to describe a military formation in which not only enemy and foreign populations, but also serving and retired soldiers, are psychologically managed. Instead of seeing military subordinates as problematic patients, Edmonds suggested that they have insight into the psywar contradictions, which have significant ramifications for mental health care, military institutions, and future wars.

After these four presentations, the panel was rounded with a performance lecture by the independent choreographer Setareh Fatehi. In her performance-lecture titled ÔÇť(i) the disabled IRLÔÇŁ, Setareh Fatehi explored the notion of ableism in the context of international gatherings and remote communication. The technologies that act as a bridge between distant bodies, which are incorporated in the devices and the behavioral patterns of those who use them, might obscure the cognitive difference between I and the Other, giving the impression that “they are the same”. Fatehi raised the question whether the framework of ableism would shed light on the issue from a different perspective. Could it be that the bodies invited to the international and diverse dream of global thinking are getting disabled by the institutions that are only inviting their body and not the context that they are living in?

In the final discussion, it became clear that earlier concepts are contested by techno-cultural transformation processes. While on the one hand, for example, in Turkey, the inclusion of veterans with disabilities might have exclusionary effects, addressing veterans in Iran has resulted in rights for people with disabilities being enacted into legislation. This could also be an opportunity for women with disabilities for researching and discussing taboo topics such as love among people with disabilities. For British veterans, a process has been highlighted that moves away from “toxic masculinities” to a subjectification that produces post-stoic masculinities. The role that technologies play in gender construction was demonstrated by the project in Denmark, where masculinities related to health, beauty, and sexuality were established via (socio-technical) assemblages. In the performance lecture, it then became clear once again how technically mediated communication and also media performances can transport experiences of dis/ability and health, enabling collaboration from different socio-cultural spaces.

In the final discussion, the online format of the conference was addressed, too. As scholars whose work scrutinize disabilities, we are well aware of the empowering potentials of online formats for those individuals with limited physical mobility in cities that are most often inaccessible, or their impact in reducing the carbon footprint. Yet, online format cannot be taken for granted as a ÔÇťremedyÔÇŁ in its current format. Research is needed in order to gain insight into how online formats contribute to or extract from the quality of gatherings to understand the efficiency of knowledge circulation of semi-present bodies in different cultural settings. The ÔÇťatmosphereÔÇŁ of analogue events is missing in online events, facial expressions and gestures of people are transmitted to a limited extent at best. These are compensated in the design of online formatsÔÇÖ interaction tools, e.g. such as the applaud emoji, which was used during the conference. Shared, situated experiences and knowledge circulation, opportunities for informal exchange among the participants are often lacking, although this is important for sustainable cooperation. At this point, artistic research and practices would bring forth a crucial, critical voice that is needed in academia to tackle its workings which are far from universal law.

* Panel organizers: Melike ┼×ahinol, Burak Ta┼čdizen, G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak (Orient-Institut Istanbul)
Chair: Emine ├ľnc├╝ler Yayalar (Bilkent University)
Discussant: Raoul Motika (University of Hamburg)

Citation: ┼×ahinol, M., Ta┼čdizen, B., & Ba┼čkavak, G. ÔÇťPerform_Factur_ing /Healthy/ Wo_Man: Iran, Turkey and Beyond: A Timely Reflection,ÔÇŁ blog post, 16 February 2022.

“Modified (Hu)Man: Gelenekler, K─▒r─▒lganl─▒klar ve Olas─▒ Gelecekler” Paneli, “─░ran’da Belgesel Filmler ve Toplumsal De─či┼čim” Film Forum Istanbul (Institut Fran├žais, Taksim)

Cuma, 21 Ocak, 2022, 16:00 ÔÇô 17:30 GMT+3

Institut Fran├žais Istanbul – Taksim
─░stiklal Caddesi No┬░4, ┼×ehit Muhtar
34435 ─░stanbul, Turkey


Bedensel m├╝dahaleler yaln─▒zca sakatl─▒klar─▒n ÔÇťtamirÔÇŁ edilmesi veya hastal─▒klar─▒n iyile┼čtirilmesi ama├žl─▒ de─čil ayr─▒ca bedensel yetkinlikleri art─▒rmak i├žin kullan─▒l─▒yor. Dolay─▒s─▒yla, bu t├╝r bedensel m├╝dahaleleri anlamak ad─▒na onlar─▒ ├ževreleyen pratikleri ve onlara y├╝klenen sembolik anlamlar─▒ ├Âne ├ž─▒karmak istiyoruz. Bedenlerin b├Âylesi m├╝dahaleler yoluyla edindi─či ├Âzg├╝rle┼čtirici olanaklar─▒ veya ortaya ├ž─▒kan farkl─▒ k─▒r─▒lganl─▒klar─▒ neler? Bu tematik film se├žkisi beden modifikasyonu pratiklerine odaklan─▒yor; bu t├╝r pratiklerin gelenek ve olas─▒ gelecekler eksenindeki ili┼čkisini toplumsal bir in┼ča olan cinsiyet normlar─▒n─▒n ├žeki┼čmesi ├╝zerinden kurguluyor. Filmler, farkl─▒ yer ve zamanlarda tekil bedensel alg─▒ veya bedene m├╝dahale hikayelerini do─ča, k├╝lt├╝r ve beden aras─▒ndaki ili┼čkiyi g├Âstererek aktar─▒yor. B├Âylece, bedensel m├╝dahalelerin sosyo-k├╝lt├╝rel kodlamalar─▒ ve bilim, sanat ve k├╝lt├╝rdeki farkl─▒la┼čan teknoloji alg─▒lar─▒ aras─▒ndaki ili┼čkiye dair sorular soruyor.

Film g├Âsteriminin oda─č─▒nda ─░ran yap─▒m─▒ uzun metraj film StepfatherÔÇÖs Legacy yer al─▒yor. Film, kendini evlili─če haz─▒r hisseden ancak d─▒┼č g├Âr├╝n├╝┼č├╝nden memnun olmayan ve bu sebepten dolay─▒ t─▒bbi s├╝re├žlerden ge├žen bir adam─▒ oda─č─▒na al─▒yor. ÔÇťBIO ┬Ě FICTION Bilim Sanat Filmleri FestivaliÔÇŁnden d├Ârt k─▒sa film, izleyiciyi ileri teknolojilerin toplumsal etkileri ├╝zerine d├╝┼č├╝nmeye te┼čvik ediyor. Gelece─če y├Âneltti─čimiz kurgusal bir lens ile soruyoruz: Quo vadis, Modified (Hu)Man?


0:02, 2018, USA, Emma Allen
Sanat├ž─▒ Emma Allen ve n├Ârobilimci Daisy Thompson-Lake aras─▒ndaki bir ÔÇ×Grey MattersÔÇť i┼čbirli─či olan Adam, depresyonla ili┼čkilendirilen n├Ârolojik s├╝re├žleri ve duygular─▒ betimleyen bir animasyon.

ÔÇőAphasia Mechanica
0:03, 2010, USA, Daniel Warner
─░nsan bedenindeki mekanik par├žalar─▒n siyah-beyaz izlenimleri.

Stepfather's Legacy.jpg
Stepfather’s Legacy’den bir sahne.

StepfatherÔÇÖs Legacy
1:07, 2015, ─░ran, Nima Mahdian 
Evlenmeyi planlayan bir erkek sa├ž d├Âk├╝lmesi ve kelle┼čmeden ┼čikayet├židir. Bu durum, ameliyat dahil olmak ├╝zere ├že┼čitli t─▒bbi s├╝re├žlere ba┼čvurmas─▒na sebep olur. Her ne kadar t├╝m ├žabas─▒ evlenebilme ihtimalini artt─▒rmak ama├žl─▒ olsa da, en nihayetinde k─▒r─▒lgan erkekli─čini g├╝n y├╝z├╝ne ├ž─▒kar─▒r.

Carlottas Gesicht
0:05, 2018, Almanya, Valentin Riedl & Fr├ęd├ęric Schuld
Hen├╝z ├žocukken, Carlotta etraf─▒ndaki insanlar─▒n bir y├╝z├╝ olmas─▒n─▒ beklemiyordu. Zira kendi y├╝z├╝n├╝ dahi tan─▒m─▒yordu. Y─▒llar sonra, beyninde olduk├ža ender g├Âr├╝len ve tedavisi olmayan bir farkl─▒l─▒k oldu─čunu ├Â─črenir. Kendisiyle y├╝zle┼čmesini sa─člayan en sonunda sanat olur.

Carlotta's Face - BIO┬ĚFICTION Science Art Film Festival.jpg
Carlottas Gesicht’ten bir sahne.

The Auxiliary
0:08, 2018, Bel├žika, Fr├ęd├ęric Plasman
ÔÇőYerle bir olan d├╝nyada kendi yans─▒mas─▒yla ba┼č ba┼ča, ├žaresiz ve haks─▒z yere itibar kayb─▒ ya┼čam─▒┼č biri her ┼čeyin sonunu getirecek. Kim bu ki┼či ve varolu┼ču neden?

The Auxiliary - BIO┬ĚFICTION Science Art Film Festival.jpg
The Auxiliary’den bir sahne.

Book Publication: “Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Cartography”

We are very proud to inform you about our new publication, which is freely accessible.

┼×ahinol, M., Ta┼čdizen, B., & Ba┼čkavak, G. (2022). Hair:y_less Masculinities . A Cartography. Bonn: ┼×ahinol, Melike (in cooperation with

Illustration ┬ę Merve ┼×ahinol.

Cosmetic surgery is booming ÔÇô and no longer just among women: Both surgical procedures and minimal invasive cosmetic treatments are on the rise among men worldwide. For many men, when early signs of balding appears or when the beard does not grow as desired, this becomes a heavy burden to carry. After all, a youthful, vital, and masculine appearance can be of decisive importance in both professional and private life.  

Challenging the prevalent human-centered worldview under a critical post-humanist programmatic, the authors scrutinize ways in which hair constructs gender regimes, especially regimes of masculinities. In this book, hair follicles take center stage as peculiar actors shaping and being shaped by socio-cultural norms and techno-medical processes aiming at hairÔÇÖs elimination, accelerating its growth and its taming.

In order to stimulate an accessible and dialogue-oriented communication with the wider public, this Science Communication book gathers, documents and presents the visual data that accumulated throughout the 2-year fieldwork, involving photographs of operation theaters, sketches of medical professionals and patients within hair transplantation and laser hair removal processes. From these drawings and photographs emerges the cartography of ÔÇśHair:y_less MasculinitiesÔÇÖ, wherein hair resists the techno-medical imaginaries through its Eigensinn, despite the natureculture metaphors that readily construct it as highly malleable and passive.

┼×ahinol, Ta┼čdizen and Ba┼čkavak, 2022

ISBN 978-625-00-9547-8
DOI: 10.25360/01-2022-00000

┬ę 2022 by Melike ┼×ahinol, Burak Ta┼čdizen, G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Cartography
┼×ahinol, Melike; Ta┼čdizen, Burak; Ba┼čkavak, G├╝l┼čah, Bonn 2022

ISBN: 978-625-00-9547-8
The OCLC Control Number is 1288515413.

Subjects: Medicine, Science and Technology Studies. | Sociology ÔÇô Medical Sociology ÔÇô Research ÔÇô Methodology. | Anthropology ÔÇô Research ÔÇô Methodology. | Gender Studies ÔÇô Men and Masculinities. |

Cover image by Merve ┼×ahinol. The artwork cannot be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented,including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the artist.

This work was supported by the large-scale ÔÇťKnowledge Unbound: Internationalisation, Networking, Innovation in and by the Max Weber StiftungÔÇŁ research project, funded by German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Publisher: Melike ┼×ahinol in cooperation with

“Modified (Hu)Man: Traditions, Vulnerabilities and Possible Futures” Panel at the “Iran at the Crossways: Documentaries and Dialogues on a Changing Society” Film Forum Hamburg (online)

Friday, November 12th, 2021, 7:00 p.m. [CET]

Modified (Hu)Man: Traditions, Vulnerabilities and Possible Futures

(introduction by Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol)

Body modifications are used not only to ÔÇťrepairÔÇŁ injuries or enable recovery after illness but also to enhance human performance. Consequently, we would like to highlight the practices and symbolic effects of such interventions. What are their empowering potentials, but also what are the emergent vulnerabilities of bodies in general? The films of this thematic block focus on the traditions, vulnerabilities, and possible futures of diverse body modifications in relation to gender as a social construct. They illustrate individual journeys of different bodily perceptions and interventions through time and space by showing the relationship between nature, culture, and the body with science-art as well as cultural and fictional contributions. In doing so, they raise questions about the relationships between socio-cultural coding of body modifications and notions of technology in science, art, and culture. In the center of the film screening stands the Iranian feature film StepfatherÔÇÖs Legacy that revolves around a man who is ready to get married and undertakes techno-medical modification efforts as an investment in his corporeal capital. A series of four short films from the ÔÇťBIO┬ĚFICTION Science Art Film FestivalÔÇŁ encourages the audience to reflect on the social implications of emergent technologies. By taking a fictional look ahead, we raise the question: Quo vadis, Modified (Hu)Man?

7:15 p.m. [CET]

Films (in screening order)

0:02, 2018, USA, Emma Allen, oD

A ÔÇťGrey MattersÔÇŁ collaboration between artist Emma Allen and neuroscientist Daisy Thompson-Lake, Adam is an animated portrait illustrating some of the underlying neurological processes and emotions associated with depression.

Aphasia Mechanica
0:03, 2010, USA, Daniel Warner, oD

Black and white impressions of mechanical parts in the human body.

StepfatherÔÇÖs Legacy
1:07, 2015, Iran, Nima Mahdian, OmdU

A man who is planning to marry suffers from hair loss and baldness, leading him to experiment with various forms of medical treatment and even surgery. Although his efforts are an investment to boost his position on the marriage market, they ultimately expose the vulnerabilities of his masculinity.

Carlottas Gesicht
0:05, 2018, Germany, Valentin Riedl & Fr├ęd├ęric Schuld, dt./OV

As a child, Carlotta didnÔÇÖt expect the people around her to have faces. She didnÔÇÖt even recognize her own face. Years later, she learns about a rare, untreatable deficit of her brain. It was art, after all, that offered her a way to finally recognize herself.

The Auxiliary
ÔÇő0:08, 2018, Belgium, Fr├ęd├ęric Plasman, OmdU

Alone in front of her reflection in a collapsing world, someone desperate, feeling unfairly discredited, is going to end it all. But who is she and why?

9:00 p.m. [CET]

Round Table [EN]

Moderation: Melike ┼×ahinol

Panel discussion with Ba┼čak A─č─▒n, S├╝meyra Buran, Claudia Liebelt, Nacim Pak-Shiraz and Christopher Coenen.

Short biographies of the panel discussants

Ba┼čak A─č─▒n, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of English Literature and a faculty member at TED University, Ankara, Turkey. She has authored a Turkish monograph Posth├╝manizm: Kavram, Kuram, Bilim-Kurgu (Posthumanism: Concept, Theory, Science-Fiction, 2020) and edited Ekofobi Hipotezi (2021)ÔÇöM. Sibel Din├želÔÇÖs Turkish translation of Simon C. EstokÔÇÖs The Ecophobia Hypothesis (2018). Currently, she is editing a Turkish handbook of environmental, medical, digital, and posthumanities,  co-editing Ecofeminism and World Literature: African, Middle Eastern, and Asian Perspectives with Douglas Vakoch and Posthuman Pathogenesis: Contagion in Literature, Media, and Arts with ┼×afak Horzum. 

S├╝meyra Buran is a Visiting Associate Professor at the University of California Riverside (from Istanbul Medeniyet University) since she was awarded a research grant by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) in 2018. She is the founding and coordinating editor of Journal of Posthumanism, the editor of Posthumanism Series by Transnational Press London, a committee member of BIPOC at the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA), and a country representative (Turkey) at the Science Fiction Research Association (SFRA). She is the editor of a collection Edebiyatta Posth├╝manizm (2020) by TpLondon, co-editor with Sherryl Vint of a collection book Technologies of Feminist Speculative Fiction: Gender, Artificial Life, Reproduction (2021) by Palgrave, co-editor with Jim Clarke of a collection Religious Futurisms (2022) and the author of a monograph Su-fi: Sufi Science Fiction to be published by Routledge (2022).

Christopher Coenen is senior researcher at the Karlsruhe Institute of TechnologyÔÇÖs Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (KIT-ITAS). At ITAS since 2003. Before moving to Karlsruhe in 2009, based in Berlin at the Office of Technology Assessment at the German Parliament (TAB), which is run by KIT-ITAS. As team member or project leader, he has conducted more than 15 projects on behalf of such institutions as the German Parliament, the European Parliament and the European Commission. Currently, he is, amongst other things, in charge of the coordination of the EU-funded project SYNENERGENE on synthetic biology, a large-scale stakeholder and public dialogue and agenda-setting action plan with more than 20 partners from three continents, and the Editor in Chief of the journal NanoEthics (Springer). Among his main fields of interest are a wide variety of societal, political, philosophical, and cultural aspects of synthetic biology, nanotechnologies and neurotechnologies, and the ÔÇśhuman enhancementÔÇÖ topic.

Claudia Liebelt is Professor in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the Free University of Berlin. Her research foci are in the Anthropology of the Body and the Senses, Gender, Religion and Sexualities. She has authored Caring for the ÔÇśHoly LandÔÇÖ: Filipina domestic workers in Israel (Berghahn, 2011) and has edited a volume on Beauty and the norm: debating standardization in bodily appearance (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). Her second monograph on Istanbul Appearances: Beauty and the Making of Middle-Class Femininities is currently under review.

Nacim Pak-Shiraz is Personal Chair of Cinema and Iran at the University of Edinburgh. Her research focuses on cinema and visual culture in the Middle East, particularly Iran. Professor Pak-Shiraz has also curated a number of film festivals in Edinburgh, and has been as a jury member and speaker at several international film festivals in the Czech Republic, Turkey and Iran.

The panel “Modified (Hu)Man: Traditions, Vulnerabilities and Possible Futures” is organized by Melike ┼×ahinol, Burak Ta┼čdizen and G├╝l┼čah Ba┼čkavak. “Iran at the Crossways: Documentaries and Dialogues on a Changing Society” film forum is organized as part of IRSSC, and is part of Max Weber FoundationÔÇÖs project Knowledge Unbound, and is funded by German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Image ┬ę by IRSSC

“Entangled Empowerment: Connecting Shared Hair Transplantation Practices for Men in Turkey and Iran” presented at the “Connecting Themes Conference: Contested Knowledge in a Connected World” in Berlin

Burak Ta┼čdizen presents the selected findings of “Hair:y_less Masculinities: A Cartography”. Photograph: Kamyar Nematollahy.

Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol and Burak Ta┼čdizen presented the selected findings of the ongoing research project “Hair:y_less Masculinities: A Cartography” at the “Connecting Themes Conference: Contested Knowledge in a Connected World” organized by Max Weber Foundation in Berlin, Germany on September 16-17, 2021.

Their paper titled “Entangled Empowerment: Connecting Shared Hair Transplantation Practices for Men in Turkey and Iran” was part of the thematic discussion “Reshaping Gender Norms: The Intersections and Transformations of Gendered Empowerment” chaired by Prof. Christina von Hodenberg of German Historical Institute London. We share below the paper abstract.

Irrespective of gender, techno-medical possibilities are causing profound transformations in the human body, promising empowerment.  As a result, there is a growing cultural enthusiasm for cosmetic surgery, revealing itself in the promotion of a range of cosmetic treatment options tailored towards men and women alike in billboards placed around metropolitan areas of Turkey and Iran, the two of the most popular global destinations for health and beauty. These two countries, compared to the world, stand out with the number of hair transplantations carried out for men regarding their facial and chest hair. Connecting these two countries through their shared hair transplantation practices for men, we aim to discuss unifying but contested elements of masculinities construction that are intertwined with empowerment.

We discuss three dimensions, enabling and contesting the emergent empowerment through hair transplantation practices. First dimension regards purity and cleanliness, which could often be traced to religious meanings and affects. Secondly, empowerment is framed by socio-political currents as in different moustache and beard styles often associated with specific socio-political attitudes. Last dimension points to the emergent beauty norms often related to emergent masculinities. Our qualitative research discloses individual yet connected empowering practices and techniques around hair transplantation entangled with the three above-mentioned dimensions reshaping masculinities.  

┼×ahinol & Ta┼čdizen, 2021

You could read more about the conference here, and find the conference program here.

ÔÇťColonizing MenÔÇÖs Bodies: Natureculture Metaphors Around Hair TransplantationÔÇŁ presented at the panel ÔÇťIs There a Middle Eastern Body?ÔÇŁ

Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol and Burak Ta┼čdizen have presented the selected findings of the ongoing research project ÔÇťHair:y_less Masculinities: A CartographyÔÇŁ at ÔÇťI U A E S: The Re-invention of Traditions in the Middle EastÔÇŁ conference at the panel ÔÇťIs There a Middle Eastern Body?ÔÇŁ chaired by Prof. Dr. Claudia Liebelt and Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol. The presentation titled ÔÇťColonizing MenÔÇÖs Bodies: Natureculture Metaphors Around Hair TransplantationÔÇŁ discussed the narratives of medical practitioners and patients which utilize natureculture metaphors to explain the hair transplantation process, both during and after.

The conference was hosted by Orient-Institut Istanbul via Zoom on August 7-9, 2021.

ONLINE SURVEY: Hair:y_less Masculinities (20 mins.)

Our research was affected by the pandemic. Hence, our methodological shift towards an online survey. We invite you to participate in the survey, which you can access from the link below.

Our survey takes about 20 minutes. We would appreciate, if you could allocate your time. Your answers will be anonymized. Language options in English, Turkish and Persian are available on the top right.

Survey link:

We thank you very much for your contribution in advance.

We hope you are staying well and supported during this difficult time.

New Publication: “Medicalised Masculinities in Turkey and Iran: The Eigensinn of Hair in Hair Transplantation”

We are happy to announce that our article ÔÇťMedicalised Masculinities in Turkey and Iran: The Eigensinn of Hair in Hair TransplantationÔÇŁ is now published on the new special issue ÔÇťMedicalised Masculinities ÔÇô Somatechnical InterventionsÔÇŁ of Somatechnics Journal by Edinburgh University Press. We thank the Editors-in-Chief Holly Randell-Moon and Iris van der Tuin, the Guest Editors Karen Hvidtfeldt, Michael Nebeling Petersen, Kristian M├Şller, Camilla Bruun Eriksen and anonymous peer-reviewers whose careful, constructive critiques helped refine the article. You can access the article here, and Guest EditorsÔÇÖ introduction along with other special issue articles here.


Growing cultural enthusiasm for cosmetic surgery and the techno-medical modification of the body have had a considerable impact on men in recent years making it the driving force behind the medicalisation of masculinities (Syzmczak and Conrad 2006). Among the top five cosmetic procedures most frequently chosen by men are laser hair removal in the category of cosmetic minimally invasive procedures and hair transplantation in the category of cosmetic surgical procedures (American Society of Plastic Surgeons 2019). Turkey is the world’s leading destination for medical services and a leading country of medical tourism. Its beauty tourism is particularly noteworthy making the country attractive for ÔÇśdemand-orientedÔÇÖ and ÔÇśwish-fulfillingÔÇÖ cosmetic procedures for the West, the Middle East as well as locals. With a special emphasis on the somatechnics of shaping men’s hair, this article analyses the currents of hair transplantation practices and after-care in shaping masculinities in Turkey and its regional competitor Iran. By building on the existing literature, we extend the discussion on male haircare with hair as the┬ábios┬áas part of emerging socio-bio-technical entities.

Workshop: Medicalized Masculinities

Knowledge Exchange from Denmark to Turkey
October 20, 2020, 9AM ÔÇô 11:20 AM, CEST
Orient-Institut Istanbul

The workshop is being organized by the Orient-Institut Istanbul as part of the project titled ÔÇťA Cartography of Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Comparison between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of TurkeyÔÇŁ and University of Southern Denmark as part of the project ÔÇťMedicine Man: Media Assemblages of Medicalized MasculinityÔÇŁ.

The workshop will bring together different researchers from Denmark and Turkey with the aim to explore possibilities and limits of cooperation around medicalized masculinities with its cultural, social and religious interconnections, to exchange knowledge and expertise by collecting theoretical and methodological inputs from different perspectives, and to enhance interdisciplinary collaboration.

Workshop Participants
Melike ┼×ahinol (Orient-Institut Istanbul)
Karen Hvidtfeldt (University of Southern Denmark)
Michael Nebeling Petersen (University of Southern Denmark)
Kristian M├Şller (University of Southern Denmark)
Mie Birk Jensen (University of Southern Denmark)
Signe Rom Rasmussen (University of Southern Denmark)
Burak Ta┼čdizen (Orient-Institut Istanbul)  

4S/EASST 2020 Conference Programme is out!

As we mentioned earlier, we will present our preliminary research results at the upcoming 4S/EASST 2020 conference. Our paper is titled “Everyday Cyborgs: Men with Implanted/Transplanted Hair (and its Eigensinn).” To read our abstract and go through the abstracts of other presentations in the session, visit here. See below for time/date details.

Tue, August 18, 10:00 to 11:40am CEST (11:00am to 12:40pm IST), virPrague, VR 04.

To see the entire conference programme, please visit here.

ÔÇťEveryday Cyborgs: Men with implanted / transplanted hair (and its Eigensinn)ÔÇŁ accepted for panel #174 EASST/4S Prague 2020 Virtual Meeting

We are very happy that we will be able to present our abstract on Everyday Cyborgs: Men with implanted/transplanted hair (and its Eigensinn) (see below) in the panel #174 Techniques of Resilience. Coping with the Vulnerabilities of Hybrid Bodies by Nelly Oudshoorn during the virtual meeting of EASST/4S Prague 2020 ÔÇťLocating and Timing Matters: Significance and Agency of STS in Emerging WorldsÔÇŁ to be held between August 18 and August 21. We will be discussing our project A Cartography of Hair:y_less Masculinities. A Comparison between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Turkey to a certain extent with approaches to understand the techniques of resilience as an important component of conceptualizing  vulnerabilities and part of the cyborg theory.

Everyday Cyborgs: Men with implanted/transplanted hair (and its Eigensinn)

Melike ┼×ahinol (Orient-Institut Istanbul), Burak Ta┼čdizen (Orient-Institut Istanbul)

In recent years techno-medical reconfigurations of menÔÇÖs bodies, an example to which are interventions in balding due to aging (Syzmczak and Conrad 2006), has medicalized menÔÇÖs bodies and thus masculinities A reason for this is that cosmetic surgery has become not only more accessible (Edmonds 2009) but also more popular among men with hair transplantations/implantations being one of the most chosen cosmetic surgical procedures by men (American Society of Plastic Surgeons 2019).

Extending the focus on ÔÇśbody companion technologyÔÇÖ from the concrete technologies implanted into/on the body/ies, towards including emerging biotechnical entities, such as (synthetic) hair and its implantation/transplantation processes, this research focuses on menÔÇÖs bodies and their materialization as ÔÇśeveryday cyborgsÔÇÖ through hair implantation/transplantation procedures. Concentrating on men undergoing such procedures in clinics in Turkey and Iran, we argue that these procedures could be regarded as empowerment of vulnerable subjects for they enable self-actualization. As these procedures are embedded in a web of biopolitical currents (i.e. economy, professional settings, etc.), consolidation of gender differences through the reproduction of a particular type of masculinity could be underway.

Considering the self-will (Eigensinn) of the bios, and thus hair, our complementary to the body companion technology concept helps to see hair as biotechnical entity, with the agency to reject its new territory, requiring ongoing care on part of the patientÔÇÖs body. Thus, this research conceptualizes the techno-medical (re)locations of hair in menÔÇÖs bodies within a ÔÇťsocio-bio-technical frameworkÔÇŁ (┼×ahinol 2016) and scrutinizes how and the ways in which these ÔÇśeveryday cyborgÔÇÖ bodies deal with emergent vulnerabilities.


American Society of Plastic Surgeons. 2019. 2018 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report.

Edmonds, Alexander. 2009. ÔÇťLearning to love yourself: esthetics, health, and therapeutics in Brazilian plastic surgery.ÔÇŁ  Ethnos 74 (4):465-489.

┼×ahinol, Melike. 2016. Das techno-zerebrale Subjekt: Zur Symbiose von Mensch und Maschine in den NeurowissenschaftenTechnik ÔÇô K├Ârper ÔÇô Gesellschaft. Bielefeld: transcript.

Syzmczak, Julia E., and Peter  Conrad. 2006. ÔÇťMedicalizing the Aging Male Body: Andropause and Baldness.ÔÇŁ In Medicalized Masculinities, edited by Dana Rosenfeld and Christopher A. Faircloth. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Research Colloquium at Orient-Institut Istanbul

“Cartography of Hair:y_less Masculinities” was presented by Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol and Burak Ta┼čdizen at the Research Colloquium held by Orient-Institut Istanbul on April 1, 2020, followed by a Q&A session with a participating audience from Germany, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. The colloquium was moderated by Dr. Katja Rieck.

The colloquium took off with a welcome speech delivered by Prof. Dr. Raoul Motika and followed by the presentation and a discussion.

Dr. Melike ┼×ahinol discussed the theoretical framework for the study, which brings together biomedicalization, post-human feminism, and masculinity studies. Later, Burak Ta┼čdizen disseminated the preliminary research results from the fieldwork that has been continuing since February, 2020. The preliminary research results indicate that there are cultural differences of hair practices in Turkey and Iran and thus different masculinities taking shape through hair:y_less. Not only socio-cultural or socio-political factors were discussed, but also historical and geographical connotations for the shaping of post-human masculinities.

The colloquium took place online, via Zoom, due to physical distancing required by COVID-19 outbreak.

Call for Interview Participants

As part of our sociological research project on hair and masculinities, we are looking for men from Turkey or Iran to talk to about their experiences in

  • hair / beard / moustache transplants
  • bodily hair removals

The interview lasts around 45 minutes, and your answers will be anonymized. It will take place in an online setting of your choice including but not limited to Skype and / or WhatsApp.

If you are willing to participate in our study, please contact our project coordinator Burak Ta┼čdizen at

See the flyer below.

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